英国班戈大学经济学Essay代写:市场的角色

据说美国经济混合,因为私营企业和政府都发挥着重要作用。实际上,美国经济史上一些最持久的辩论集中在公共和私营部门的相对作用上。美国的自由企业制度强调私有制。私营企业生产大部分商品和服务,全国经济总产值的近三分之二用于个人用途(其余三分之一由政府和企业购买)。事实上,消费者的角色是如此之大,以至于国家有时被描述为具有“消费经济”。这种对私人所有权的强调部分源于美国人对个人自由的看法。从创建国家开始,美国人就担心过度的政府权力,他们试图限制政府对个人的权力 - 包括其在经济领域的作用。此外,美国人普遍认为,以私人所有为特征的经济体可能比拥有大量政府所有权的经济体更有效率地运作。为什么?当经济力量不受约束时,美国人认为,供给和需求决定了商品和服务的价格。反过来,价格告诉企业生产什么;如果人们想要比经济生产更多的特定商品,那么商品的价格会上涨。这引起了新公司或其他公司的注意,这些公司感受到赚取利润的机会,开始生产更多这样的产品。另一方面,如果人们想要更少的商品,价格下降,竞争力较弱的生产商要么停业,要么开始生产不同的商品。这种系统被称为市场经济。相比之下,社会主义经济的特点是更多的政府所有权和中央计划。大多数美国人相信社会主义经济本身效率较低,因为依赖税收的政府远不如私营企业注意价格信号或感受市场力量所施加的纪律 英国班戈大学经济学Essay代写:市场的角色 The United States is said to have a mixed economy because privately owned businesses and government both play important roles. Indeed, some of the most enduring debates of American economic history focus on the relative roles of the public and private sectors. The American free enterprise system emphasizes private ownership. Private businesses produce most goods and services, and almost two-thirds of the nation's total economic output goes to individuals for personal use (the remaining one-third is bought by government and business). The consumer role is so great, in fact, that the nation is sometimes characterized as having a "consumer economy." This emphasis on private ownership arises, in part, from American beliefs about personal freedom. From the time the nation was created, Americans have feared excessive government power, and they have sought to limit government's authority over individuals -- including its role in the economic realm. In addition, Americans generally believe that an economy characterized by private ownership is...
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英国南安普顿大学经济学Assignment代写:计量经济学

成为经济学本科生最困难的事情之一是,大多数学校要求学生在学习的某个阶段写一份计量经济学论文。计量经济学本质上是统计和数学理论的应用,也许是计算机科学对经济数据的应用。目标是为经济学假设开发经验证据,并通过统计试验测试经济学模型来预测未来趋势。计量经济学协助经济学家分析大量数据,以揭示他们之间有意义的关系。例如,计量经济学者可能会试图找到解决现实世界经济学问题的统计证据,例如“教育支出的增加会带来更高的经济增长吗?”在计量经济学方法的帮助下。虽然对经济学这个主题肯定很重要,但许多学生(特别是那些不特别喜欢统计学的学生)发现计量经济学是他们教育中必不可少的罪恶。因此,当到达为大学学期论文或项目找到计量经济学研究课题时,他们不知所措。在我担任经济学教授期间,我看到学生花90%的时间只是想出一个计量经济学研究课题,然后搜索必要的数据。但这些步骤不一定是一个挑战。谈到你的下一个计量经济学项目时,我已经覆盖了你。我想出了一些合适的本科计量经济学期刊论文和项目的想法。包含您开始项目所需的所有数据,但您可以选择补充其他数据。数据可以以Microsoft Excel格式下载,但可以轻松转换为课程要求您使用的任何格式。以下是两个需要考虑的计量经济学研究课题。在这些链接中包括纸质主题提示,研究资源,要考虑的重要问题以及要使用的数据集。 英国南安普顿大学经济学Assignment代写:计量经济学 One of the most difficult things about being an undergraduate student in economics is that most schools require that students write an econometrics paper at some point in their studies. Econometrics is essentially the application of statistical and mathematical theories and perhaps some computer science to economic data. The objective is to develop empirical evidence for economics hypotheses and to predict future trends by testing economics models through statistical trials. Econometrics assists economists in analyzing large sets of data to unveil meaningful relationships among them. For instance, an econometrics scholar might attempt to find statistical evidence for answers to real-world economics questions like, "does increased education spending lead to higher economic growth?" with the help of econometrics methods. While certainly important to the subject of economics, many students (and particularly those who do not particularly enjoy statistics) find econometrics a necessary evil in their education. So when the moment arrives to find an econometrics research topic for a university...
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新加坡国立大学经济学Essay代写:新加坡的经济发展

五十年前,新加坡这个城市是一个未开发的国家,人均GDP低于320美元。今天,它是世界上增长最快的经济体之一。根据中央情报局的数据,其人均国内生产总值已升至令人难以置信的60,000美元,成为世界第六高。对于一个缺乏领土和自然资源的国家来说,新加坡的经济提升绝非易事。通过全球化,自由市场资本主义,教育和严格的务实政策,该国已经能够克服其地理劣势,成为全球商业的领导者。一百多年来,新加坡一直受到英国的控制。但是,当第二次世界大战期间英国未能保护殖民地免受日本人的侵害时,它引发了强烈的反殖民主义和民族主义情绪,随后导致了他们的独立。 1963年8月31日,新加坡脱离英国王室,与马来西亚合并成为马来西亚联邦。虽然不再受英国统治,但新加坡作为马来西亚一部分度过的两年时间充满了社会纷争,因为双方都在努力相互同化。街头骚乱和暴力变得非常普遍。新加坡华人人数超过马来人三比一。吉隆坡的马来政客担心他们的遗产和政治意识形态正受到整个岛屿和半岛不断增长的中国人口的威胁。因此,马来西亚议会投票决定将新加坡驱逐出马来西亚,作为确保马来西亚境内马来人占多数并在国内逐步消除共产主义情绪的一种方式。新加坡于1965年8月9日获得正式独立,其中Yusof bin Ishak担任其首任总统,并且极具影响力的李光耀担任其首相。独立后,新加坡继续遇到问题。这个城邦的300万人大部分都失业了。超过三分之二的人口居住在城市边缘的贫民窟和棚户区。该地区夹在马来西亚和印度尼西亚两个大而不友好的国家之间。它缺乏自然资源,卫生设施,适当的基础设施和充足的供水。为了刺激发展,李寻求国际援助,但他的请求得不到回应,让新加坡自生自灭。 新加坡国立大学经济学Essay代写:新加坡的经济发展 Fifty years ago, the city-state of Singapore was an undeveloped country with a GDP per capita of less than US $320. Today, it is one of the world's fastest-growing economies. Its GDP per capita has risen to an incredible US $60,000, making it the sixth highest in the world based on Central Intelligence Agency figures. For a country that lacks territory and natural resources, Singapore's economic ascension is nothing short of remarkable. By embracing globalization, free-market capitalism, education, and strict pragmatic policies, the country has been able to overcome their geographic disadvantages and become a leader in global commerce. For over a hundred years, Singapore was under British control. But when the British failed to protect the colony from the Japanese during World War II, it sparked a strong anti-colonial and nationalist sentiment that subsequently led to their independence. On August 31, 1963, Singapore seceded from the British crown and merged with Malaysia to form the Federation...
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美国宾夕法尼亚大学经济学Essay代写:总统选举与经济

似乎在每个总统选举年我们都被告知就业和经济将成为关键问题。人们普遍认为,现任总统几乎不用担心经济是否良好以及是否有大量就业机会。然而,如果情况恰恰相反,总统应该为橡胶鸡赛道做好准备。测试总统的传统智慧我决定研究这种传统智慧,看它是否成立,并看看它能告诉我们未来的总统选举。自1948年以来,已有九次总统选举使一位现任总统对抗挑战者。在这九个中,我选择了六次选举。我决定无视其中两个选举,其中挑战者被认为过于极端而不能当选:1964年的巴里戈德华特和1972年的乔治S.麦戈文。在剩余的总统选举中,现任者赢得了四次选举,而挑战者赢得了三次选举。为了了解就业和经济对选举的影响,我们将考虑两个重要的经济指标:实际GNP(经济)的增长率和失业率(就业)。我们将比较这些变量的两年与四年及之前的四年表现,以便比较“就业与经济”在现任总统期间的表现以及相对于前任政府的表现。首先,我们将看看现任赢得的三个案例中“就业与经济”的表现。一定要继续参加“总统选举与经济”。在我们六次选举的现任总统选举中,我们有3名现任总统选举获胜。我们将看看这三个,从每个候选人收集的选举投票的百分比开始。 美国宾夕法尼亚大学经济学Essay代写:总统选举与经济 It seems that during every presidential election year we are told that jobs and the economy will be pivotal issues. It's commonly assumed that an incumbent president has little to worry about if the economy is good and there are lots of jobs. If the opposite holds true, however, the president should prepare for life on the rubber chicken circuit. Testing Conventional Wisdom of Presidential I decided to examine this conventional wisdom to see if it holds true and to see what it can tell us about the future presidential elections. Since 1948, there have been nine presidential elections that have pitted an incumbent president against a challenger. Out of those nine, I chose to examine six elections. I decided to disregard two of those elections where the challenger was considered too extreme to be elected: Barry Goldwater in 1964 and George S. McGovern in 1972. Out of the remaining presidential elections, incumbents won four elections while challengers won three. To...
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英国伦敦政治经济学院经济学Essay代写:边际分析的使用介绍

时间的价值本质上是一个机会成本 - 它是那个小时关闭的价值。在这个例子中,它代表了边际成本 - 个人再工作一小时的成本。边际成本的增加是一种普遍现象;一个人通常不介意工作几个小时,因为一天24小时。她还有足够的时间做其他事情。但是,当一个人开始工作更长时间时,它会减少她用于其他活动的小时数。她必须开始放弃越来越多的有价值的机会来工作这些额外的时间。很明显,她应该在第一个小时工作,因为她获得了10美元的边际收益,而边际成本只损失了2美元,净收益为8美元。按照同样的逻辑,她也应该在第二和第三个小时工作。她希望工作到边际成本超过边际收益的时间。她还希望在第10小时工作,因为她获得了#3的净收益(15美元的边际收益,12美元的边际成本)。然而,她不想在第11个小时工作,因为边际成本(18美元)超过边际收益(15美元)3美元。因此边际分析表明,理性最大化行为要工作10个小时。更一般地说,通过检查每个增量行动的边际收益和边际成本,以及执行边际收益超过边际成本的所有行动以及边际成本超过边际收益的行动,都可以实现最佳结果。由于边际效益倾向于随着人们从事更多活动而降低,但边际成本往往会增加,边际分析通常会定义一个独特的最佳活动水平。 英国伦敦政治经济学院经济学Essay代写:边际分析的使用介绍 The value of time is essentially an opportunity cost -- it is how much one values having that hour off. In this example, it represents a marginal cost -- what it costs an individual to work an additional hour. The increase in marginal costs is a common phenomenon; one usually doesn't mind working a few hours since there are 24 hours in a day. She still has plenty of time to do other things. However, as an individual starts to work more hours, it reduces the number of hours she has for other activities. She has to start giving up more and more valuable opportunities to work those extra hours. It is clear that she should work the first hour, as she gains $10 in marginal benefits and loses only $2 in marginal costs, for a net gain of $8. By the same logic, she should work the second and third hours as well. She will...
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英国埃塞克斯大学教育学Assignment代写:大学教育是否该免费

近年来,越来越多的人一直在上大学,并且争论说学生是否应该为此特权付费。虽然双方都有令人信服的论据,但我坚信它应该是免费的。提出向学生收费的一个论点是,随着大学规模的扩大,教育的资金越来越昂贵。因此,让学生付费可以保持标准并确保教学质量。此外,有人认为,大多数学生在高薪工作方面都能从大学中受益,因此他们至少支付部分费用是公平的,特别是考虑到大多数上大学的学生来自中产阶级。最后但并非最不重要的是,在许多国家,缺乏人员来做管道工作,如管道和木工,因此让大学更昂贵可能会鼓励人们从事这些工作。然而,有许多论据支持大学免费教育。首先,它将鼓励更多人参加,这将有益于社会。这是因为它将带来更高效和受过良好教育的劳动力。研究普遍表明,那些通过大学接受过良好教育的国家拥有更高水平的创新和生产力。此外,还存在机会均等的问题。如果所有学生都需要付费,低收入者可能会被劝阻参加,从而使其不公平。这样做的原因是他们可能无法获得家人的财政支持,因此他们会担心将来会产生的债务。 总之,我认为无论收入如何,所有教育都应该平等地提供给所有人。这不仅是公平的,而且还将确保各国能够在受过良好教育的劳动力中繁荣发展。 英国埃塞克斯大学教育学Assignment代写:大学教育是否该免费 Over recent years, more and more people have been attending university and arguments have persisted as to whether students should pay for this privilege not. Although there are convincing arguments on both sides, I strongly believe that it should be free. One argument put forward in favour of charging students is that education is becoming more expensive to fund as universities grow in size. Consequently, making students pay may maintain standards and ensure the quality of the teaching. In addition, it is argued that most students benefit from university in terms of higher paid jobs, so it is fair that they pay for at least some of the cost, especially given that the majority of students attending university are from the middle classes. Last but not least, in many countries, there is a shortage of people to do manual jobs such as plumbing and carpentry, so making university more expensive may encourage people to take up these jobs. However, there...
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英国剑桥大学社会学Essay代写:捐助慈善机构

向有需要的人捐钱可以带来个人满足的体验,但可以选择通过慈善机构捐赠国内和国际,或直接向周围的人捐赠。本文将考虑两种方法的优点。提供直接支持的第一个好处是,您可以准确了解您的资金支出情况。例如,如果您直接向当地村庄或城镇的人们提供资金,您可以看到它已经消失的地方。另一方面,当您向较大的慈善组织捐款时,您不确定实际给予有需要的人多少,而不是花费其他成本,例如管理和昂贵的营销活动。另一个好处是,您可以看到对您正在帮助的人的影响,这不仅可以带来极大的个人满足感,还可以得到当地社区中其他人的尊重,他们非常欣赏您的工作。但是,给予国内和国际慈善机构有好处。首要的是有良好原因的选择。在当地,帮助的地方可能有限,但在较大的组织中,您可以参与赞助儿童或保护野生动物等活动。不仅如此,捐赠给具有国际影响力的大型慈善机构意味着了解您参与了具有根本全球重要性的问题,例如治愈疾病和人权,或帮助那些陷入灾难性环境事件的人,如洪水,地震和饥荒。总之,考虑到两者的好处,我认为个人应该根据自己的个人喜好做出自己的选择,并以最个人满意度为准。重要的是我们继续给那些比我们更需要的人。 英国剑桥大学社会学Essay代写:捐助慈善机构 Giving money to those in need can be a personally satisfying experience, but there is a choice between donating nationally and internationally through charities or giving directly to those around you. This essay will consider the merits of both approaches. The first advantage of providing direct support is that you can know exactly how your money is being spent. For example, if you give money directly to people in your local village or town, you can see where it has gone. When you donate to larger charitable organisations, on the other hand, you are not sure how much will actually be given to those in need as opposed going on other costs such as administration and expensive marketing campaigns. Another benefit is that you can see the impacts on those you are helping, which can lead not only to great personal satisfaction but also to respect from others in the local community who appreciate the work you do. There are...
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英国利兹大学文学论文代写:诗歌再次重要

诗歌世界似乎不太可能成为“种族排”,“卫报”这句话在2011年应用于文学判决的直接交换。着名(和白人)评论家海伦·伯勒贬低了着名(和黑人)诗人丽塔·多夫(Rita Dove)对二十世纪美国诗歌新企鹅选集的选择。 Vendler写道,Dove赞成“多元文化包容性”而不是质量。她试图通过选择太多的少数派诗人来“改变平衡”,而牺牲了更好(和更知名)的作家。这些诗歌“大多是短暂的”和“相当有限的词汇”,是20世纪佳能的主持人。在“波士顿评论报”上,美国前卫诗学家(也是白人)评论家马乔里·佩罗夫(Marjorie Perloff)也参与其中。她感到遗憾的是,她看到新诗人依赖于20世纪60年代和70年代已经陈旧的公式化的抒情诗 - 一个装饰着“诗意”的个人记忆,建立了“深刻的思想或小小的顿悟。”她的例子:a由着名(也是黑人)诗人娜塔莎·特雷斯威(Natasha Trethewey)写的关于她母亲痛苦的头发拉直常规的诗。现在订阅支持160年的独立新闻。起价仅为24.50美元。从该问题查看更多故事。发表封面图片 要了解更多专题报道,请参阅我们的完整列表或获取Audm iPhone应用程序。 Dove对于她在已经建立的白人评论家的反应中所看到的模式采取了强烈的例外。她要求,他们是否会对抗成群结队的不同肤色和不同眼界的诗人?我们是非裔美国人,美洲原住民,拉美裔美国人,亚裔美国人 - 只要这些批评者可以站在门口检查我们的证书并让我们一个接一个地接受,我们才能接受吗?已经很长一段时间了,但门已被吹掉它的铰链。浏览主要文学期刊的目录,包括诗歌杂志等白鞋诗企业,甚至是“纽约时报”和“纽约时报杂志”等具有广泛影响力的一般利益周刊。扫描收件人每年授予该国最有前途的年轻诗人的着名,有时是有利可图的奖学金,奖励和讲座。他们是来自中国,萨尔瓦多,海地,伊朗,牙买加,韩国,越南的移民和难民。他们是黑人和Oglala Sioux女人。他们既酷又直,并谨慎选择他们的人称代词。今天美国诗歌的面貌与十年前的情况大不相同,更像是千禧年美国的人口统计数据。如果有的话,目前的新兴诗人预计将在30年后面对年轻的美国人。 英国利兹大学文学论文代写:诗歌再次重要 The poetry world would hardly seem a likely place for a “race row,” the phrase The Guardian applied in 2011 to a blunt exchange of literary verdicts. The celebrated (and white) critic Helen Vendler had disparaged the celebrated (and black) poet Rita Dove’s selections for the new Penguin Anthology of Twentieth-Century American Poetry. Dove, Vendler wrote, had favored “multicultural inclusiveness” over quality. She’d tried to “shift the balance” by choosing too many minority poets at the expense of better (and better-known) writers. The poems were “mostly short” and “of rather restricted vocabulary,” the presiding keeper of the 20th-century canon judged. Over at the Boston Review, the (also white) critic Marjorie Perloff, the doyenne of American avant-garde poetics, weighed in too. She lamented what she saw as new poets’ reliance on a formulaic kind of lyric already stale by the 1960s and ’70s—a personal memory dressed up with “poeticity,”...
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英国伦敦大学政治学Essay代写:在喧闹的反抗议中团结正确的失败

当一小群​​拉力赛观众到达自动扶梯的顶端时,包含国家首都的热门悬念终于爆发了。每个人都扮演了他们的角色:白人至上主义者举起旗帜,在警察的包围下走了23街。反抗议者只是被他们的少数反对者略微畏缩,追逐他们,吟唱和尖叫,一直到白宫对面的拉斐特广场。 “操你,纳粹!”他们喊道。 “希瑟的正义!”“这是我的社区,我认为重要的是,当纳粹来到城镇时,你必须向他们展示他们不受欢迎,”来自33岁的非裔美国女人布里奇特托德说。 DC,以及“Stuff Mom Never Told You”播客的主持人之一。她快步走到23街,对那群白人至上主义者大喊大叫。 “他们在组织方面很糟糕,”托德笑着告诉我。 “我侄女的婴儿洗澡时间里的人数比这还要多。”55岁的白人女子克里斯蒂娜·罗伯茨(Christine Roberts)从新泽西州出发三个半小时来抗议集会,他对投票率感到惊讶。 “我以为会有更多的抗议者,”罗伯茨说。 “我没有意识到会有这么多反抗议者,所以我真的很激动。”在拉斐特广场,Unite the Right集会与反抗议者分开了一大片草地,几十个警察和围栏。 Al Stankard是一个穿着卡其裤和灰色浅顶软呢帽的黑发男子,站在一个凸起的平台上,谈论着“反白色的替罪羊”,但几乎没有人在听。这些媒体的人数超过了白人民族主义者的三比一,而拉力赛的人则分散在草坪上,与记者交谈,并用他们的MAGA帽子,旗帜和头巾拍照留念。穿过草地,成群的反抗议者推着篱笆挡住他们,尖叫着,“羞耻!耻辱!惭愧!“雷声汹涌,雨水开始下降。 66岁的戴维说:“我这辈子一直都是这样做的。”他描述自己是一位“亲白”活动家,并从德克萨斯州开车参加集会。拒绝透露姓氏的大卫说,他相信在美国生活的非白人太多了。他想做什么呢? “你这样做的方式就像特朗普做的那样,”他解释说,事实上。 “你实际上并没有把人踢出去......你按照人们的想法指导政策,'也许现在是时候让我继续下去了。'”正是基于这个想法,拉斐特广场上的许多人才同意:特朗普总统正在帮助推动白人至上主义者的事业。例如,反抗议者指出政府实施禁止来自几个穆斯林国家的游客,其“零容忍”移民政策导致家庭分离,并推动限制合法移民的公民身份。这两个组织都表示他们去年被证明是对的,特朗普告诉一群记者,夏洛茨维尔的暴力事件中“有一些非常优秀的人”。 英国伦敦大学政治学Essay代写:在喧闹的反抗议中团结正确的失败 When the tiny crew of rally-goers reached the top of the escalator, the hot bubble of suspense encompassing the nation’s capital finally popped. Everyone assumed their roles: The white supremacists held up their flags and walked, surrounded by police, down 23rd Street. Counter protesters, fazed only slightly by the small numbers of their opposition, chased after them, chanting and screaming, all the way to Lafayette Square across from the White House. “Fuck you, Nazis!” they shouted. “Justice for Heather!” “This is my community, and I think it’s important, when Nazis come to town, you have to show them they’re not welcome,” said Bridget Todd, a 33-year-old African American woman from D.C., and one of the hosts of the “Stuff Mom Never Told You” podcast. She was walking quickly down 23rd Street, shouting at the small group of white supremacists. “They’re terrible...
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英国利物浦大学人体医学Assignment代写:人类能跑多快?

人类跑得多快?今天在我们这个星球上最快的人是牙买加运动员乌塞恩博尔特,他在2008年北京夏季奥运会上以9.58秒的世界纪录跑了100米冲刺,这个速度大约是每小时37.6公里或者每小时23.4英里。小时。在短距离冲刺期间,博尔特达到惊人的12.3米/秒(27.51英里/小时或44.28公里/小时)和27.51英里/小时(44.28公里/小时)。作为一项身体活动,跑步在质量上与步行不同。在跑步时,一个人的腿弯曲,肌肉被强行拉伸,然后在加速期间收缩。随着身体中心质量的变化,人体内可能存在的重力能和动能变化。这被认为是因为肌肉中能量的交替释放和吸收。学者们认为,跑得最快的精英短跑运动员是那些经济运行的运动员,这意味着他们每单位距离运动使用的能量很少。这样做的能力受肌纤维分布,年龄,性别和其他人体测量因素的影响 - 精英跑者中最快的是年轻男性。跑步者可能的速度也受到生物力学变量的影响,有些争议归因于跑步者的步态周期。影响人的速度的因素是较短的地面接触时间,较低的步幅频率,较长的摆动时间,较大的步幅角和较长的步幅。特别是,冲刺跑步者通过应用更大的质量特定地面力,特别是水平踝速度,接触时间和步速,最大化其加速度和最大冲刺速度。 英国利物浦大学人体医学Assignment代写:人类能跑多快? How fast can humans run? The fastest person clocked on our planet today is the Jamaican athlete Usain Bolt, who ran the 100 meter sprint at the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing in a world record of 9.58 seconds, which works out to be about 37.6 kilometers per hour or 23.4 miles per hour. For a brief period during that sprint, Bolt reached an astounding 12.3 meters per second (27.51 mph or 44.28 kph).nd (27.51 mph or 44.28 kph). As a physical activity, running is qualitatively different from walking. In running, a person's legs flex and the muscles are forcibly stretched and then contracted during acceleration. The potential gravitational energy and the kinetic energy available in a person's body changes as the center of mass in the body changes. That is thought to be because of the alternating release and absorption of energy in the muscles. Scholars believe that the fastest runners, the elite sprinters, are those who...
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