Latané及其同事发现,人们在单独工作时效率最高,当他们只认为自己是一个团队的一部分时效率稍低,而当他们实际上是团队的一员时效率更低。 基于此,Latané及其同事提出,小组工作的一些低效率来自协调损失(这种情况只能发生在真实的群体中),但社会游荡也起着作用(因为协调损失无法解释为什么“ 虚假的“团体效率仍然较低”。 在1993年的一项荟萃分析中,Steven Karau和Kipling Williams将其他78项研究的结果结合起来,以评估社交游荡何时发生。 总的来说,他们发现支持社交游荡的想法。 然而,他们发现某些情况能够减少社会闲散甚至阻止它发生。 基于这项研究,Karau和Williams建议几种策略可以减少社交游荡。

美国马里兰大学Assignment代写:低效率

Latané and colleagues found that people work most efficiently when they work alone, when they only think they are part of a team, they are less efficient, and when they are actually part of a team, they are less efficient. Based on this, Latané and colleagues suggest that some of the inefficiencies of group work come from coordinating losses (this can only happen in real groups), but social loitering also plays a role (because coordination losses cannot explain why “false” Group efficiency is still low.” In a meta-analysis in 1993, Steven Karau and Kipling Williams combined the results of the other 78 studies to assess when social wandering occurred. Overall, they found support for social wandering. However, they found that certain situations can reduce social idleness or even prevent it from happening. Based on this research, Karau and Williams suggested several strategies to reduce social wandering.

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