绝对位置是指地球表面上的特定固定点，由坐标系统（如纬度和经度）表示，它比相对位置更具体，并且可以包括使用特定地址，如100 North First Street。从地理上讲，纬度表示地球表面从北到南的点，从赤道的0度到南极和北极的（ – ）90度，而经度代表地球表面从东到西的点，360度代表取决于地球的位置。绝对位置对于Google Maps和Uber等地理定位服务非常重要，因为它们用于专门指定给定位置中存在的内容。最近，应用程序开发人员甚至要求增加绝对位置的维度，在相同的经度和纬度上提供高度以帮助特定的建筑物的不同楼层。从知道在哪里与朋友见面到找到埋藏的宝藏，绝对的位置对于了解世界在任何特定时间的位置非常重要;然而，有时一个人只需要使用相对位置来描述另一个人的特定地点。相对位置是指基于其与其他位置，地标或地理环境的接近度的位置，例如费城位于纽约市东南约86英里处，并且可以根据距离，旅行时间或成本来参考。在提供地理背景方面，地形图，具有地标或建筑物（例如世界贸易中心）或概览地图的地图通常通过将一个特定地点与地点相关联来提供相对位置。例如，在美国的地图上，人们可以看到加利福尼亚州与其邻国俄勒冈州和内华达州相对。为了更好地理解绝对位置和相对位置之间的差异，请查看以下示例。位于美国首都华盛顿特区的国会大厦的绝对位置是38°53’35“N，纬度和经度为77°00’32”W，其在美国邮政系统的地址为东Capitol St NE＆First St SE，Washington，DC 20004.相对而言，美国国会大厦距离美国最高法院两个街区。在另一个例子中，帝国大厦，绝对位置，位于北纬40.7484°，经度和纬度为73.9857°W，地址为350 5th Ave，New York，NY 10118.相对来说，它是关于步行15分钟即可到达中央公园以南的第五大道。
Absolute location refers to a specific, fixed point on the earth’s surface expressed by a coordinate system such as latitude and longitude, which is more specific than relative location and can include the use of specific addresses like 100 North First Street. Geographically speaking, latitude represents points from north to south on the earth’s surface, ranging from 0 degrees at the equator to (-)90 degrees at the South and North Poles, while longitude represents points from east to west on the earth’s surface with 360 degrees represented depending on where on the globe the point lies. Absolute location is important for geolocation services like Google Maps and Uber because they are used to specifically designate what exists in a given location. Recently, app developers have even called for an added dimension for absolute location, giving height to help specific between different floors of buildings on the same longitude and latitude. From knowing where exactly to meet up with a friend to locating buried treasure, absolute location is important to know where one is in the world at any given time; however, sometimes a person only needs to use relative location to describe a particular place to another. Relative location refers to locations based on its proximity to other locations, landmarks, or geographic contexts, such as Philadelphia being located approximately 86 miles southeast of New York City, and can be referred to in terms of distance, travel time or cost. In terms of providing geographic context, topographical maps, those featuring landmarks or buildings such as the World Trade Center, or overview maps often provide relative location by means of relating one specific place to places by it. On a map of the United States, for instance, one can see that California is relative to its neighbor states of Oregon and Nevada. To better understand the difference between absolute and relative locations, take a look at the following examples. The absolute location of the Capitol building in Washington D.C., the capitol of the United States, is 38° 53′ 35″ N, 77° 00′ 32″ W in terms of latitude and longitude and its address in the U.S. postal system is East Capitol St NE & First St SE, Washington, DC 20004. In relative terms, the U.S. Capitol building is two blocks away from the Supreme Court of the United States. In another example, the Empire State Building, in absolute location terms, is located at 40.7484° N, 73.9857° W in terms of longitude and latitude at the address 350 5th Ave, New York, NY 10118. In relative terms, it is about a 15-minute walk south of Central Park down 5th Avenue.