Since the US Congress passed the first civil rights law in the United States in 1866, there has been a disagreement between the public and legal opinions about whether the federal government is superior to the states’ attempts to prohibit racial discrimination. In fact, the key provisions of the Fourteenth Amendment on racial equality were largely ignored in the South until the 1950s. During the civil rights movements of the 1950s and 1960s, Southern politicians who supported the continued segregation and enforcement of state-level “Jack Crow” laws condemned anti-discrimination laws, such as the Civil Rights Act of 1964, because the federal interference with state rights. Even after passing the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965, several southern states passed an “intervention resolution,” arguing that states retained the right to cancel federal law. As an intrinsic by-product of federalism, the issue of state rights will undoubtedly continue to be part of the debate on American citizenship in the coming years. Two very obvious examples of current state rights issues include cannabis legalization and gun control.