五十年前,新加坡这个城市是一个未开发的国家,人均GDP低于320美元。今天,它是世界上增长最快的经济体之一。根据中央情报局的数据,其人均国内生产总值已升至令人难以置信的60,000美元,成为世界第六高。对于一个缺乏领土和自然资源的国家来说,新加坡的经济提升绝非易事。通过全球化,自由市场资本主义,教育和严格的务实政策,该国已经能够克服其地理劣势,成为全球商业的领导者。一百多年来,新加坡一直受到英国的控制。但是,当第二次世界大战期间英国未能保护殖民地免受日本人的侵害时,它引发了强烈的反殖民主义和民族主义情绪,随后导致了他们的独立。 1963年8月31日,新加坡脱离英国王室,与马来西亚合并成为马来西亚联邦。虽然不再受英国统治,但新加坡作为马来西亚一部分度过的两年时间充满了社会纷争,因为双方都在努力相互同化。街头骚乱和暴力变得非常普遍。新加坡华人人数超过马来人三比一。吉隆坡的马来政客担心他们的遗产和政治意识形态正受到整个岛屿和半岛不断增长的中国人口的威胁。因此,马来西亚议会投票决定将新加坡驱逐出马来西亚,作为确保马来西亚境内马来人占多数并在国内逐步消除共产主义情绪的一种方式。新加坡于1965年8月9日获得正式独立,其中Yusof bin Ishak担任其首任总统,并且极具影响力的李光耀担任其首相。独立后,新加坡继续遇到问题。这个城邦的300万人大部分都失业了。超过三分之二的人口居住在城市边缘的贫民窟和棚户区。该地区夹在马来西亚和印度尼西亚两个大而不友好的国家之间。它缺乏自然资源,卫生设施,适当的基础设施和充足的供水。为了刺激发展,李寻求国际援助,但他的请求得不到回应,让新加坡自生自灭。

新加坡国立大学经济学Essay代写:新加坡的经济发展

Fifty years ago, the city-state of Singapore was an undeveloped country with a GDP per capita of less than US $320. Today, it is one of the world’s fastest-growing economies. Its GDP per capita has risen to an incredible US $60,000, making it the sixth highest in the world based on Central Intelligence Agency figures. For a country that lacks territory and natural resources, Singapore’s economic ascension is nothing short of remarkable. By embracing globalization, free-market capitalism, education, and strict pragmatic policies, the country has been able to overcome their geographic disadvantages and become a leader in global commerce. For over a hundred years, Singapore was under British control. But when the British failed to protect the colony from the Japanese during World War II, it sparked a strong anti-colonial and nationalist sentiment that subsequently led to their independence. On August 31, 1963, Singapore seceded from the British crown and merged with Malaysia to form the Federation of Malaysia. Although no longer under English rule, the proceeding two years Singapore spent as part of Malaysia were filled with social strife, as the two sides struggled to assimilate with one another ethnically. Street riots and violence became very common. The Chinese in Singapore outnumbered the Malay three-to-one. The Malay politicians in Kuala Lumpur feared their heritage and political ideologies were being threatened by the growing Chinese population throughout the island and peninsula. Therefore, as a way of ensuring a Malay majority within Malaysia proper and to phase out communist sentiments within the country, the Malaysian parliament voted to expel Singapore from Malaysia. Singapore gained formal independence on August 9, 1965, with Yusof bin Ishak serving as its first president and the highly influential Lee Kuan Yew as its Prime Minister. Upon independence, Singapore continued to experience problems. Much of the city-state’s three million people were unemployed. More than two-thirds of its population was living in slums and squatter settlements on the city’s fringe. The territory was sandwiched between two large and unfriendly states in Malaysia and Indonesia. It lacked natural resources, sanitation, proper infrastructure, and adequate water supply. In order to stimulate development, Lee sought international assistance, but his pleas went unanswered, leaving Singapore to fend for itself.

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