Robert Hutchings Goddard（1882年10月5日 – 1945年8月10日）是一位有影响力的美国火箭科学家，他的工作塑造了太空探索的历史。然而，与戈达德的工作一样深远的影响，在他生命的大部分时间里，政府或军队都没有承认这一点很重要。然而，戈达德坚持不懈，今天所有的火箭技术都欠他一笔智力债务。罗伯特戈达德于1882年10月5日出生在马萨诸塞州伍斯特市，出生于农民Nahum Goddard和Fannie Louise Hoyt。他小时候病了，但是有望远镜，经常花时间研究天空。他最终对科学感兴趣，尤其是飞行机制。他发现史密森尼杂志和飞行专家塞缪尔·皮尔庞特·兰利的文章引起了人们对空气动力学的终身兴趣。作为一名本科生，戈达德就读于伍斯特理工学院，在那里他学习物理。他获得了物理学博士学位。 1911年在克拉克大学，次年在普林斯顿大学获得研究奖学金。他最终加入了克拉克大学的教师，担任航空航天工程和物理学教授，这是他一生中大部分职位。罗伯特戈达德在他还是一名本科生的时候就开始撰写关于火箭的文章。获得博士学位后，他专注于使用火箭研究大气层，将仪器升高到足以获取温度和压力读数。他研究高层大气的愿望促使他尝试将火箭作为一种可能的输送技术。戈达德很难获得资金来完成这项工作，但他最终说服史密森尼学会支持他的研究。 1919年，他撰写了他的第一篇主要论文（由史密森尼出版），名为“达到极端高度的方法”，概述了将质量提升到大气层的挑战，并探讨了火箭如何解决高空研究的问题。
新加坡南洋科技大学Assignment代写：美国火箭科学家Robert H. Goddard
Robert Hutchings Goddard (October 5, 1882–August 10, 1945) was an influential American rocket scientist whose work shaped the history of space exploration. Yet, as far-reaching as Goddard’s work became, it was not acknowledged as important by the government or military for much of his life. Nevertheless, Goddard persevered, and today all rocket technologies owe him an intellectual debt. Robert Goddard was born in Worcester, Massachusetts, on October 5, 1882, to farmer Nahum Goddard and Fannie Louise Hoyt. He was sickly as a child, but had a telescope and often spent time studying the sky. He eventually became interested in science, particularly the mechanics of flight. His discovery of Smithsonian magazine and articles by flight expert Samuel Pierpont Langley ignited a lifelong interest in aerodynamics. As an undergraduate, Goddard attended Worcester Polytechnic Institute, where he studied physics. He earned his physics Ph.D. at Clark University in 1911, then took a research fellowship at Princeton University the following year. He ultimately joined the faculty at Clark University as a professor of aerospace engineering and physics, a post he held much of his life. Robert Goddard began writing about rockets while he was still an undergraduate. After getting his Ph.D., he focused on studying the atmosphere using rockets to lift instruments high enough to take temperature and pressure readings. His desire to study the upper atmosphere drove him to experiment with rockets as a possible delivery technology. Goddard had a hard time getting funding to pursue the work, but he eventually persuaded the Smithsonian Institution to support his research. In 1919, he wrote his first major treatise (published by the Smithsonian) called “A Method of Reaching Extreme Altitudes,” outlining the challenges of lifting mass high to the atmosphere and exploring how rockets could solve the problems of high-altitude studies.