我们都知道,在整个19世纪,人们在帆船上出现并冒着生命危险在公海上冒着鱼叉鲸。虽然白鲸和其他故事使捕鲸故事不朽,但今天人们普遍不了解捕鲸者是一个组织良好的行业的一部分。从新英格兰港口出发的船只在太平洋地区漫游,寻找特定种类的鲸鱼。冒险可能是一些捕鲸者的吸引力,但对于拥有捕鲸船的船长和为航行提供资金的投资者来说,有相当大的货币收益。巨大的鲸鱼尸体被切碎并煮沸,变成了诸如润滑不断增加的先进机床所需的精油之类的产品。除了来自鲸鱼的油,甚至他们的骨头,在塑料发明之前的一个时代,被用来制造各种各样的消费品。简而言之,鲸鱼是一种宝贵的自然资源,就像我们现在从地面抽取的木材,矿物或石油一样。油是鲸鱼的主要产品,它用于润滑机器并通过在灯中燃烧来提供照明。当鲸鱼被杀死时,它被拖到船上,其鲸脂,其皮下厚厚的绝缘脂肪,将被剥离并从其尸体上切下来,称为“甩脂”。鲸脂被切碎成块并煮沸。捕鲸船上的大桶,生产石油。从鲸脂中取出的油被包装在桶中并运回到捕鲸船的主港(例如马萨诸塞州的新贝德福德,这是19世纪中期最繁忙的美国捕鲸港)。它将从港口出售和运输到全国各地,并将进入各种各样的产品。鲸油除了用于润滑和照明外,还用于制造肥皂,油漆和清漆。鲸油也用于制造纺织品和绳索的一些工艺中。

美国芝加哥大学工科Essay代写:捕鲸业生产石油,蜡烛和家用工具

We all know that men set forth in sailing ships and risked their lives to harpoon whales on the open seas throughout the 1800s. And while Moby Dick and other tales have made whaling stories immortal, people today generally don’t appreciate that the whalers were part of a well-organized industry. The ships that set out from ports in New England roamed as far as the Pacific in hunt of specific species of whales. Adventure may have been the draw for some whalers, but for the captains who owned whaling ships, and the investors which financed voyages, there was a considerable monetary payoff. The gigantic carcasses of whales were chopped and boiled down and turned into products such as the fine oil needed to lubricate increasing advanced machine tools. And beyond the oil derived from whales, even their bones, in an era before the invention of plastic, was used to make a wide variety of consumer goods. In short, whales were a valuable natural resource the same as wood, minerals, or petroleum we now pump from the ground. Oil was the main product sought from whales, and it was used to lubricate machinery and to provide illumination by burning it in lamps. When a whale was killed, it was towed to the ship and its blubber, the thick insulating fat under its skin, would be peeled and cut from its carcass in a process known as “flensing.” The blubber was minced into chunks and boiled in large vats on board the whaling ship, producing oil. The oil taken from whale blubber was packaged in casks and transported back to the whaling ship’s home port (such as New Bedford, Massachusetts, the busiest American whaling port in the mid-1800s). From the ports it would be sold and transported across the country and would find its way into a huge variety of products. Whale oil, in addition to be used for lubrication and illumination, was also used to manufacture soaps, paint, and varnish. Whale oil was also utilized in some processes used to manufacture textiles and rope.

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