In teaching English and a Second Language (ESL) or English as an Alternative Language (EAL) students how to properly communicate in English, oftentimes specific examples will help them to understand the dynamics of English grammar and usage at play in real life circumstances, though it is important to also emphasize the technical rules associated with each grammatical situation. The phrase “check-up” and “have you been to Dr. X’s before” are both unique to ESL students because they present a colloquialism commonly used to describe situations specific to visiting a doctor or dentist. One such example of a situation an ESL or an EAL student may encounter outside of school is scheduling an appointment at the dentist — or doctor, but it’s best to keep these types of exercises simple and one-dimensional to present the clearest message to students. The key takeaways from this exercise are the phrases that one might encounter at a doctor or dentist’s office that may be confusing to new English learners like “which dentist did you see?” or “we can fit you in,” which makes no sense in the literal interpretation of the phrase. The most important phrase for an ESL student to learn here, though, is “I’d like to schedule or make an appointment,” but it’s also important to be able to understand the response, like if the office assistant had said “I wish I could help” as a rejection — an ESL student may not understand this means there is nothing that assistant can do to match that person’s schedule. In this scenario, the teacher should begin by playing the role of the dentist office assistant, mining answering a phone that the student, the patient, should voice. Dentist Office Assistant: Good morning, Beautiful Smile Dentistry, this is Jamie. How may I help you today?
Patient: Good morning, I’d like to schedule a check-up.
D: I’d be happy to do that for you. Have you been to Beautiful Smile before?
P: Yes, I have. My last check-up was six months ago.
D: Great. Can I get your name, please?
P: Yes, of course, sorry. My name is [student’s name].
D: Thank you, [student’s name]. Which dentist did you see on your last check-up?
P: I’m not sure, really.
D: That’s OK. Let me check your chart… Oh, Dr. Lee.
P: Yes, that’s right.


在教授英语和第二语言(ESL)或英语作为替代语言(EAL)的学生如何用英语进行适当的交流时,通常具体的例子将有助于他们理解英语语法的动态和在现实生活环境中的使用情况,尽管重要的是还要强调与每种语法情境相关的技术规则。 “检查”和“你曾经去过X博士之前”一词对于ESL学生来说都是独一无二的,因为他们提供了一种常用的口语,用于描述访问医生或牙医的具体情况。 ESL或EAL学生在校外可能遇到的情况的一个例子是在牙医或医生处安排预约,但最好保持这些类型的练习简单和一维以向学生呈现最清晰的信息。这项练习的关键点是人们可能会在医生或牙医诊所遇到的短语,这些短语可能会让新的英语学习者感到困惑,比如“你看到哪位牙医?”或者“我们可以让你适应”,这对于这个短语的字面解释毫无意义。然而,ESL学生在这里学习的最重要的一句话是“我想安排或预约”,但是能够理解答案也很重要,就像办公室助理曾说过“我希望我可以帮助“作为拒绝 – 一个ESL学生可能不明白这意味着助理没有什么可以做以匹配该人的日程安排。在这种情况下,教师应该首先扮演牙医办公室助理的角色,挖掘接听学生,患者应该发声的电话。牙医办公室助理:早上好,美丽微笑牙科,这是杰米。我今天怎么帮你?