在美国,最低工资于1938年通过《公平劳工标准法》(Fair Labor Standards Act)引入。最初的最低工资定为每小时25美分,或根据通货膨胀因素调整后约为每小时4美元。今天的联邦最低工资无论在名义上还是实际上都高于该水平,目前定为7.25美元。最低工资经历了22次单独的上涨,最近一次上涨是由奥巴马总统于2009年颁布的。除了在联邦一级设定的最低工资外,各州还可以自由设定自己的最低工资,如果他们高于联邦最低工资。加利福尼亚州已决定逐步降低最低工资,到2022年将达到15美元。这不仅是联邦最低工资的大幅提高,而且也大大高于加利福尼亚目前每小时10美元的最低工资全国最高的国家之一。 (马萨诸塞州的最低工资为每小时10美元,华盛顿特区的最低工资为每小时10.50美元。)

英国伯明翰经济学Assignment代写:最低工资

In the United States, the minimum wage was introduced in 1938 through the Fair Labor Standards Act. The initial minimum wage was set at 25 cents an hour, or about $ 4 an hour adjusted for inflation. Today’s federal minimum wage is higher than that, both nominally and practically, and is currently set at $ 7.25. The minimum wage has experienced 22 separate increases, the most recent of which was promulgated by President Obama in 2009. In addition to the minimum wage set at the federal level, states are free to set their own minimum wages if they are higher than the federal minimum wage. California has decided to gradually reduce the minimum wage to $ 15 by 2022. This is not only a dramatic increase in the federal minimum wage, but it is also significantly higher than one of the nation’s highest minimum wages in California currently at $ 10 an hour. (The minimum wage in Massachusetts is $ 10 an hour, and the minimum wage in Washington, DC is $ 10.50 an hour.)

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