1960年代,加州大学洛杉矶分校,伊利诺伊大学香槟分校和印第安纳大学建立了人类音乐学的第一批研究生课程。 名称的改变预示着该领域的另一个转变:民族音乐学不再研究音乐实践的起源,演变和比较,而是将音乐视为许多人类活动之一,例如宗教,语言和饮食。 简而言之,该领域变得更加人类学。 艾伦·梅里亚姆(Alan Merriam)1964年出版的《音乐人类学》是反映这一转变的基础性著作。 音乐不再被认为是可以从唱片或书面音符中完全捕获的学习对象,而是被整个社会影响的动态过程。 尽管许多比较音乐学家没有演奏他们分析过的音乐,或者在“现场”中花费了大量时间,但在20世纪后期,延长的田野调查时间成为了民族音乐学家的要求。

英国布里斯托Essay代写:音乐学家

In the 1960s, the University of Illinois at Los Angeles, the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and Indiana University established the first postgraduate courses in human musicology. The change in name heralds another shift in the field: ethnomusicology no longer studies the origins, evolution and comparison of musical practices, but rather regards music as one of many human activities, such as religion, language and diet. In short, the field has become more anthropological. Alan Merriam’s Musical Anthropology, published in 1964, is a fundamental work that reflects this transformation. Music is no longer considered a learning object that can be completely captured from a record or written note, but a dynamic process that is influenced by the entire society. Although many of the comparative musicologists did not play the music they analyzed, or spent a lot of time on the “live,” in the late 20th century, the extended field investigation time became a requirement of ethnomusicologists.3

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