这一切听起来都很具有未来感:没有服务员的餐厅,柜台后面没有工人,没有任何明显的员工,你只需将钱喂入玻璃封闭的售货亭,取出新鲜制作的蒸盘,然后将它带到你的表。欢迎来到Horn&Hardart,大约1950年,这家餐饮连锁店曾经在纽约市拥有40个地点,在美国各地拥有数十家分店,当时很长一段时间,自动化服务每天为数十万城市客户提供服务。自动机通常被认为是一种纯粹的美国现象,但事实上,世界上第一家此类餐厅于1895年在德国柏林开业。这家名为Quisisana的公司也是一家同时生产食品自动售货机的公司 – 这家高科技餐馆Quisisana在其他北欧城市建立起来,Quisisana很快就将其技术授权给了Joseph Horn和Frank Hardart,后者于1902年在费城开设了第一家美国自动机。与许多其他社会趋势一样,它在世纪之交自动化的纽约真的起飞了。第一个纽约Horn&Hardart于1912年开业,很快这个连锁店就出现了一个吸引人的公式:客户兑换了一小撮镍币的美元钞票(来自玻璃摊后面的迷人女性,手指上戴着橡皮头),然后喂他们的变化进入自动售货机,转动旋钮,提取肉块,土豆泥和樱桃馅饼,以及其他数百种菜单。餐饮是公共和自助餐厅风格,在某种程度上,Horn&Hardart自动化被认为是对许多纽约市餐厅势利的有价值的纠正。它今天并不广为人知,但Horn&Hardart也是纽约第一家为客户提供新鲜咖啡的纽约连锁餐厅。员工被指示丢弃任何已经坐了超过二十分钟的锅,一定程度的质量控制激发欧文柏林创作歌曲“让我们喝另一杯咖啡”(很快成为Horn&Hardart的官方叮当声)。没有太多(如果有的话)选择,但就可靠性而言,Horn&Hardart可以被认为是1950年代的星巴克。

英国邓迪大学论文代写:1950年代的星巴克

It all sounds futuristic: no waiter’s restaurant, no workers behind the counter, no obvious staff, you just feed the money into a glass-enclosed kiosk, take out the freshly made steamed pan, and then take it Bring to your watch. Welcome to Horn & Hardart. Around 1950, the restaurant chain had 40 locations in New York City and dozens of stores across the United States. For a long time, automated services served hundreds of thousands of city customers every day. Automata is often considered a purely American phenomenon, but in fact the first such restaurant in the world opened in Berlin in 1895. The company, Quisisana, is also a company that produces food vending machines at the same time – the high-tech restaurant Quisisana was established in other Nordic cities, and Quisisana quickly licensed its technology to Joseph Horn and Frank Hardart, the latter In 1902, the first American automaton was opened in Philadelphia. Like many other social trends, it is really taking off in New York, where automation is at the turn of the century. The first New York-based Horn & Hardart opened in 1912, and soon the chain appeared an attractive formula: the customer exchanged a handful of nickel-dollar dollar bills (from the charming female behind the glass booth, wearing a rubber head on the finger), Then feed their changes into the vending machine, turn the knobs, extract the meat pieces, mashed potatoes and cherry pies, and hundreds of other menus. Dining is a public and cafeteria style, and to a certain extent, Horn & Hardart Automation is considered a valuable correction for the snobbery of many New York City restaurants. It is not widely known today, but Horn & Hardart is also the first New York restaurant chain in New York to offer customers fresh coffee. The staff was instructed to discard any pot that had been sitting for more than twenty minutes, and a certain degree of quality control inspired Owen Berlin to write the song “Let’s have another cup of coffee” (which soon became the official clink of Horn & Hardart). There aren’t many (if any) choices, but in terms of reliability, Horn&Hardart can be considered a Starbucks in the 1950s.

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