一些参与者被告知，他们阅读的案例研究是错误的，而其他参与者则不是。 无论如何，即使证据被完全抹黑，参与者对冒险和消防之间关系的信念仍然存在。 通常，人们有动力保持自己的信念。 如果人们的信念更加复杂并且经过深思熟虑，则尤其如此。 例如，在上面提到的第二项研究中，研究人员发现，当参与者让参与者对冒险与消防之间的假定关系写出解释时，当他们的解释更加详细时，他们对这种关系的信念就会更加坚定。
Some participants were told that the case studies they read were wrong, while others were not. In any case, even if the evidence is completely smeared, the participants’ belief in the relationship between risk and fire is still there. Usually, people have the motivation to keep their beliefs. This is especially true if people’s beliefs are more complex and well thought out. For example, in the second study mentioned above, the researchers found that when participants asked participants to explain the hypothetical relationship between risk and fire, when their interpretation was more detailed, they The belief will be more determined.