微观经济学和宏观经济学是经济学研究中最大的两个分支，其中微观指的是对小经济单位的观察，如政府法规对个别市场和消费者决策的影响，以及宏观指的是“大图”版本。经济学如何确定利率以及为什么一些国家的经济增长速度快于其他国家。根据喜剧演员P.J. O’Rourke的说法，“微观经济学关注经济学家特别错误的事情，而宏观经济学则关注经济学家普遍存在的错误。或者为了更具技术性，微观经济学是关于你没有的钱，宏观经济学是关于政府所用的钱。“虽然这种幽默的观察对经济学家来说很有趣，但描述是准确的。然而，仔细观察两个经济话语领域将更好地理解经济理论和研究的基础知识。那些研究过拉丁语的人知道前缀“微 – ”意味着“小”，所以微观经济学是对小经济单位的研究也就不足为奇了。微观经济学领域关注的是另一种方式，微观经济学关注的是个体市场的行为，例如橙子市场，有线电视市场，或技术工人市场，而不是整个产品市场，电子产品或整个劳动力。微观经济学对于地方治理，商业和个人融资，特定股票投资研究以及风险资本主义努力的个人市场预测至关重要。另一方面，宏观经济学可以被认为是经济学的“大局”版本。宏观经济学并没有分析个别市场，而是关注一个经济体的总产量和消费，而宏观经济学家则忽略了整体统计数据。宏观经济学家研究的一些主题包括。为了研究这一层面的经济学，研究人员必须能够以反映其对总产出的相对贡献的方式将不同的商品和服务结合起来。这通常使用国内生产总值（GDP）的概念来完成，商品和服务通过其市场价格加权。微观经济学与宏观经济学的关系。微观经济学与宏观经济学之间存在明显的关系，即总体生产和消费水平是个体家庭和企业做出选择的结果，而一些宏观经济模型通过纳入所谓的“微观基础”明确地建立了这种联系。电视和报纸上涵盖的大部分经济主题属于宏观经济多样性，但重要的是要记住经济学不仅仅是试图弄清楚经济何时会改善以及美联储在利率方面做了什么，它还涉及观察当地经济和特定的商品和服务市场。
Microeconomics and macroeconomics are the two largest branches of economics. Microscopic refers to the observation of small economic units, such as the impact of government regulations on individual market and consumer decision-making, and macro refers to “big”. Figure “version. How does economics determine interest rates and why some countries’ economies are growing faster than others. According to comedian PJ O’Rourke, “microeconomics is concerned with economists’ special mistakes, while macroeconomics is concerned with the common mistakes of economists. Or for more technical, microeconomics is about you. Money, macroeconomics is about the money used by the government. “Although this humorous observation is interesting to economists, the description is accurate. However, a closer look at the two economic discourse areas will better understand the basics of economic theory and research. Those who have studied Latin know that the prefix “micro-” means “small”, so it is not surprising that microeconomics is a study of small economic units. Microeconomics is concerned with another approach. Microeconomics focuses on the behavior of individual markets, such as the orange market, the cable market, or the skilled worker market, rather than the entire product market, electronics, or the entire workforce. Microeconomics is critical for local governance, commercial and personal financing, specific stock investment research, and individual market forecasts for venture capitalist efforts. On the other hand, macroeconomics can be considered the “big picture” version of economics. Macroeconomics does not analyze individual markets, but focuses on the total output and consumption of an economy, while macroeconomists ignore the overall statistics. Some topics studied by macroeconomists include. To study economics at this level, researchers must be able to combine different goods and services in a way that reflects their relative contribution to total output. This is usually done using the concept of gross domestic product (GDP), where goods and services are weighted by their market prices. The relationship between microeconomics and macroeconomics. There is a clear relationship between microeconomics and macroeconomics, that is, the overall level of production and consumption is the result of individual households and enterprises making choices, and some macroeconomic models have clearly established this by incorporating the so-called “microfoundation”. contact. Most of the economic themes covered in television and newspapers are macroeconomic diversity, but it’s important to remember that economics is not just about trying to figure out when the economy will improve and what the Fed has done with interest rates, it’s also about observing local Economy and specific markets for goods and services.