心理学家班纳特·默多克(Bennet Murdock)在1962年的一篇论文中可以找到新近效应的一个证明。默多克研究了列表中单词的排序如何影响我们记忆它们的能力(所谓的连续位置效应)。在研究中,参与者有大量的单词列表(根据研究的版本,参与者只听到10个单词或多达40个单词)。在听完这些话后,参与者被给了一分半钟的时间,从列表中记下尽可能多的单词。默多克发现,记住一个单词的可能性取决于它所出现的列表中的位置。他发现列表中的前几个单词记得很清楚,这被称为首要效应。在此之后,记住单词的可能性显着下降,但是对于列表中的最后八个项目,它开始再次增加 – 并且记住单词的可能性对于列表中的最后几个项目来说是最高的(即新近效应) 。

英国曼彻斯特心理学Essay代写:位置效应

Psychologist Bennet Murdock can find a proof of the recent effects in a 1962 paper. Murdoch studied how the ordering of words in the list affects our ability to remember them (the so-called continuous position effect). In the study, participants had a large list of words (based on the version of the study, participants only heard 10 words or up to 40 words). After listening to these words, the participants were given a minute and a half to write down as many words as possible from the list. Murdoch found that the likelihood of remembering a word depends on where it appears in the list. He found that the first few words in the list remember very clearly, which is called the primary effect. After that, the likelihood of remembering the word drops significantly, but for the last eight items in the list, it starts to increase again – and the possibility of remembering the word is highest for the last few items in the list ( That is, the new effect).

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