并不总是清楚“同样的行为”是什么意思。做镜像神经元编码与运动本身相对应的动作(你以一定的方式移动你的肌肉以获取食物),或者,它们是否对更抽象的事物作出反应,个人正试图通过运动来实现(抓食物)?事实证明,有不同类型的镜像神经元,它们在响应方面有所不同。只有当镜像动作与所执行的动作相同时,严格一致的镜像神经元才会触发 – 因此两种情况下的目标和动作都是相同的。当镜像动作的目标与所执行动作的目标相同时,广泛一致的镜像神经元会触发,但这两个动作本身不一定完全相同。例如,您可以用手或嘴巴抓住物体。总而言之,在引入这些分类的研究中,超过90%的镜像神经元一起构成严格全等和广泛一致的镜像神经元,代表了别人做了什么,以及他们是如何做到的。

英国威尔士Essay代写:什么是镜像神经元?它们如何影响行为?

It’s not always clear what’s meant by “the same action.” Do mirror neurons code actions corresponding to the movement itself (you move your muscles a certain way to grab food), or, are they responsive to something more abstract, the goal that the individual is trying to achieve with the movement (grabbing food)? It turns out that there are different types of mirror neurons, which differ in what they respond to. Strictly congruent mirror neurons fire only when the mirrored action is identical to the performed action—so both the goal and the movement are the same for both cases. Broadly congruent mirror neurons fire when the goal of the mirrored action is the same as the performed action’s, but the two actions themselves are not necessarily identical. For example, you can grab an object with your hand or your mouth. Taken together, strictly congruent and broadly congruent mirror neurons, which together comprised more than 90 percent of the mirror neurons in the study that introduced these classifications, represent what someone else did, and how they did it.

发表评论

电子邮件地址不会被公开。 必填项已用*标注